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Menominee Michigan Warehouse Fire

Site Contact:
Craig Thomas


Site Location:
701 4th Street
Menominee, MI 49858
NRC#: 1349274

Site Update

Monday, October 24, 2022

Menominee, Mich. (October 24, 2022)  This morning, the Unified Command announced that it was transitioning to a Multi-Agency Coordination (MAC) Group. Michigan EGLE will be leading remaining fire-related activities, namely the Site Cleanup and the Water Management & Treatment. EPA remains in a support role providing data coordination.


EPA’s final data will be published on this website after validation is complete. All previous incident updates and documents are available on this page under Documents.



On Thursday, October 6, emergency crews responded to a fire at the Menominee, Michigan Resolute Forest Products warehouse. EPA personnel arrived onsite to provide air monitoring and air sampling at the site and in the surrounding communities for common contaminants related to industrial fires. No chemical compounds above health screening levels were detected.


EPA coordinated with the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) on surface water sampling and testing related to potential run-off from the incident to the Menominee wastewater treatment plant and adjacent Menominee River. EPA, state agencies and local water utilities coordinated to implement sampling to confirm that there are no impacts to drinking water supplies and are sharing results as they become available.


Site Activities

Drinking Water

The agencies involved have found that treated drinking water sampling results received to date show PFAS levels below Michigan and Wisconsin health-based or regulatory standards. Marinette and Menominee residents have been advised to continue using their cities’ drinking water.


Runoff Water

Due to the size and persistence of the fire, firefighting water overwhelmed the storage capacity of responders. Although most runoff water has been successfully managed, some runoff, potentially contaminated with industrial chemicals and PFAS stored onsite, entered the Menominee river. EPA assisted EGLE and WDNR on surface water sampling at over 20 locations for potential runoff from the incident site. Samples have been analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs), metals, herbicides and PFAS.


Several million gallons of fire suppression water have been collected to minimize runoff of fire-related contaminants into to the Menominee and Marinette water treatment plant and adjacent Menominee River. Diking, levees, and a collection pond were constructed to store runoff water while a water treatment system could be built. Tyco Fire and its contractors Arcadis and Clean Harbors are leading this effort, which is being coordinated and overseen by EGLE and EPA.


Air Monitoring and Sampling

Due to air emissions concerns following the start of the fire, Marinette County Emergency Management and the Menominee County Office of Emergency Management issued precautionary shelter-in-place orders for residents downwind of the fire. The Marinette County order was lifted on October 7 at 6 p.m., and the Menominee County order was lifted on October 9 at 7 a.m.


During the fire, EPA staff  continuously conducted air monitoring at the site and in surrounding communities. On October 11, 2022, EPA air monitoring detected higher levels of particulates in the surrounding community than on previous days since the fire started. EPA scientists and state and local public health officials continue to review new data, but thus far no levels of chemical compounds have exceeded state health standards.


Air data collection and evaluation continued at a scale that Unified Command determined was appropriate, based on steadily improving fire suppression and debris management onsite.


Unified Command: A Multi-Agency Response

In order to streamline operations for the emergency response, twelve coordinating agencies at city, state, and federal levels assembled into a Unified Command. This structure facilitates effective management of a complicated, hazardous incident by agencies with different geographic and functional responsibilities.


EPA led the Unified Command, which included the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE), Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS), Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS), Menominee County, Marinette County, Public Health, Delta & Menominee Counties, Marinette County Public Health, the cities of Menominee and Marinette, and the industrial tenants of the warehouse.


After the the Menominee Fire Department announced the fire was out on October 21, 2022, the Unified Command transitioned to a Multi-Agency Coordination Group on October 24. Michigan EGLE leads the Site Cleanup Team and the Water Management & Treatment Team activities, and EPA continues to provide support with data and site cleanup.